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Mobilising support example:
Heal the ill

Community discussion
OrganisationBecho
CountryEthiopia
TypeCBO
TopicHealth

Summary

Tullo Bollo Town did not have appropriate waste collection and disposal systems. As a result people, including children, faced illnesses due to poor sanitation and hygiene. Becho organised community (coffee) meetings to create public awareness on the adverse effects of waste and environmental pollution. Municipal offices, schools, kebele and religious leaders were also involved. It was decided to form waste collector groups to deal with the problem, at the same time offering employment to unemployed women and youth. The town was embellished with plants and several new public toilets were built.

Problem analysis

The town does not have appropriate waste collection and disposal systems. As a result people, including children, face illnesses due to poor sanitation and hygiene.

Solution analysis

• Facilitate dialogue with relevant stakeholders and community members.
• Public awareness creation on the adverse effects of waste and environmental pollution.
• Establishing Community led Total Sanitation & Hygiene force.
• Organising waste collector groups.
• Increasing the number of individual public toilets.
• Mobilising resources.
• Conduct monthly sanitation campaigns.

Stakeholder analysis

Which stakeholders (NGO’s, government, private sector) did you identify as allies and how did you involve them?
Tullu Bollo Municipality: is responsible to coordinate the overall activities that can make Tullu Bollo town green and free of waste. The municipality is also expected to assign budget and mobilise resources to establish waste disposal centres.
Tullu Bollo Town Health Office: is expected to counteract the adverse effects of disposing waste inappropriately, causing health problems.
Government and Private schools: are able to teach people through organised clubs and campaigns.
Tullu Bollo Town Water Supply Office: is responsible to ensure access to adequate drinking water is available to the whole community. Besides, the office will provide technical input for waste disposal centre (dry and liquid) construction.
Kebele (smallest administrative unit, similar to a neighbourhood) and religious leaders: will mobilise resources and create awareness in the communities.
Tullu Bollo communities: will implement the designed action plan to make the town green and clean with active participation and full commitment.

All stakeholders mentioned were perceived as allies. Becho CBO has been implementing student led sanitation and school hygiene (SLSSH) programmes. These stakeholders and Becho CBO were interested to translate the experience and achievements of the work done at school level to municipality level.

Which stakeholders did you identify as opponents and why were they opposed?
At this starting level no opponents were identified.

How did you involve your beneficiaries in the stakeholder analysis/campaign?
By creating discussion platforms with the representatives from the identified stakeholders. First of all the participants shared the observed challenges and possible solutions. Then they decided upon their specific roles and responsibilities to solve the problems and implement the necessary changes.

Short description of the organisation implementing the action/campaign

Becho CBO has been initiated by Development Expertise Center Ethiopia (DEC) and is based in Tullu Bollo town, 80 kilometres southwest of Sho Zone, in Oromia National Regional State. Becho started a discussion with community leaders, school directors and the town municipality about the waste disposal issue and it was decided to work together to solve the problems.

Action period
Started in June 2015, ongoing

Objectives
To improve the waste disposal and health conditions of the community by creating a clean and sanitised environment.

Action results
The town municipality organised unemployed women and youth for the home-to-home collection of discarded waste materials (garbage).

Description of preparatory activities
1. Public awareness creation.
2. Organising waste collector groups.
3. Resource mobilising.

Description of implementation
1. Awareness raising started with community and religious leaders.
2. Engagement of the waste collector groups into practical work, twice a month.
3. Resource mobilisation from community and other organisations is in progress.

Description of time investment
1. Awareness raising: 2 hours per month for three years.
2. Waste collection: two days per month.

Costs

No.

Description

Unit

No. of units

Frequency

Unit cost

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Total budget of 3 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Environmental survey on town sanitation

Person

4

12

300

4.800

4.800

4.800

14.400

2.

Continued sanitation status data collection

Person

2

6

300

1.200

1.200

1.200

3.600

3.

Conduct discussion with community leaders on sanitation issues

Person

 

16

 

 

13

 

 

200

 

 

16.000

 

12.800

12.800

 

41.600

 

4.

Coffee ceremony to create community awareness

Person

150

6

50

15.000

15.000

15.000

45.000

5.

Preparation of common waste collection holes in selected areas

Hole

40

1

2.000

 

80.000

 

80.000

6.

Establishing continued waste collection campaign

Round

2

3

3.000

18.000

 

18.000

36.000

7.

Purchasing necessary materials for waste collection

Working materials

For 2 groups

once

558.700

1.157,400

 

 

1.157.400

8.

Preparing and planting sanitation messages in different areas of the town

Messages

30

2 years

2.500

75.000

 

75.000

150.000

9.

Plants will be planted to create beauty

Plants

1.000

3 years

100

100.000

100.000

100.000

300.000

10.

Monthly meetings with unemployed women and youth involved in the waste collection

Person

40

4x per year

150

24.000

24.000

24.000

72.000

11.

Construction of public toilets

Toilet

20

2

40.000

800.000

800.000

 

1.600.000

 

Total budget

 

 

 

 

2.211.400

1.037.800

250.800

3.500.000

Follow up
1. Day-to-day follow up of project activities by CBO and town municipality.
2. Monitoring and evaluation tools for this particular purpose will be developed and utilised.

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