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Mobilising support example:
Water and sanitation facilities for schools

Ecosan Toilet in a primary school in western region
Pupils accessing to water from a ferro cement tank
A pupil practicing hygiene in school
OrganisationWestern Water and Sanitation Forum
Websitewww.wewasafo.org
CountryKenya
TypeNGO
TopicWater and Sanitation

Summary

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) took part in a Mobilising Support course, given by Change the Game Academy partner for Kenya KCDF. In their next project they decided to put the things they learned into practice. They brought together a number of actors: Government of Kenya, parents, a corporate, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and grant makers. This action resulted in the installation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools and communities. The concept is working so well that WEWASAFO is quite excited about it.

Problem analysis

Poor water and sanitation facilities in schools in the western part of Kenya.

Solution analysis

To address the problem, WEWASAFO brought together a number of actors: Government of Kenya, parents, a corporate, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and grant makers. The action resulted in the installation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools and communities.

Stakeholder analysis

Which stakeholders (NGO’s, government, private sector) did you identify as allies and how did you involve them?
WEWASAFO identified the following stakeholders as allies: Community Asset Building and Development Agency – CABDA, Kazi Mashambani Development Program – KAMADEP, Asset Based Community Development Program – ABCD Program, the Planning Department of the ministry of Education Science and Technology, the Ministry for Water and Environment and Format Hardware and Holdings Kakamega, parents and pupils. WEWASAFO mobilised them through invitation letters, SMS and phone calls.
The allies were really satisfied to be involved in the process. Most of them are now giving WEWASAFO support to reach out to other schools in other areas.

Which stakeholders did you identify as opponents and why were they opposed?
Some parents opposed the initiative because they still believe that Free Primary Education Funds should address every concern at the institution level, and as such they were not willing to support initiatives that would call for contribution of locally available materials for WASH project implementation.
When WEWASAFO integrated the approach of involving stakeholders in their programme, it seemed impossible to engage the opponents. But they kept involving them in the process, sharing facts and expectations in terms of results that were attained through the joint effort of all partners. This eventually brought about a feeling of project ownership and now the opponents are part and parcel of the process and sustain the programme activities.

How did you involve your beneficiaries in the stakeholder analysis/campaign?
WEWASAFO carried out a baseline survey in a number of schools and communities in the region based on the Kakamega County Education task force report 2013. The report was very detailed and pointed out a number of challenges in schools in Kakamega County. To confirm the issues and facts that had been gathered, an interface meeting was organised, facilitated by WEWASAFO, and bringing together the duty bearers (government) and claim holders (community and school fraternity). Action planning was jointly done and specific actors were assigned specific roles in the process.

Short description of the organisation implementing the action/campaign

Western Water and Sanitation Forum (WEWASAFO) is a non Governmental Organisation registered with the NGO Coordination Board in Kenya on 22nd March 2007. The organisation exists to enable the less privileged and marginalised members of the community to identify resources within and without the region so as to reduce both material and intellectual poverty and create sustainable wealth. The current area of operation is the western region, with specific focus on Kakamega, Busia, Vihiga and Bungoma Counties. WEWASAFO has chosen an approach to development through the following key result areas:
1. Water, sanitation and hygiene promotion
2. Agriculture and food security
3. Capacity building
4. Micro finance
WEWASAFO had the opportunity to participate in the Mobilising Support training, offered by Change the Game Academy partner KCDF. The content has been shared with staff members and will gradually be incorporated in the culture of the organisation. WEWASAFO has started changing their approach from service provision to engaging more actors to support activities of development.

Action period
2013 - ongoing

Objectives
1. To access clean and safe water and sanitation facilities for schools in targeted communities by construction of tanks and VIP latrines.
2. To improve institutional hygiene by training the students on proper hygiene and sanitation practice (WASH trainings).

Action results
1. Pupils and students are able to access clean and safe water and sanitation facilities.
2. Pupils and students practice proper hygiene at school and home, thus reducing the rate of water borne diseases. This eventually reduces absenteeism among pupils and students, resulting in improved performance at school.
3. Both decision makers and allies reacted positively to the new approach of involving all stakeholders. Some of them are now applying the same concept/method for other projects.

Description of preparatory activities
1. Conducting a baseline survey.
2. Facilitation of interface meeting/development of action plan.
3. Mobilisation of materials.
4. Approval of designs.

Description of implementation
1. Identification of contractor.
2. Construction of WASH facilities.
3. Supervision of works.
4. Certification of completed works.

Costs

Project Budget

 

Activity

Units

Unit Cost

Total K.shs

1

Preliminary costs

1.1

Community sensitisation - Vihiga and Kakamega County

3

           12,000

               36,000

1.2

Baseline information gathering

60

               2,000

            120,000

1.3

Community mobilisation

3

           12,000

               36,000

 

Sub - total

 

 

             192,000

2

Development of WATSAN facilities

                           -  

2.1

Construction of   Ferro-Cement Water tanks 50,000 liters each

30

         215,000

         6,450,000

2.2

Carry out pre & post -water quality tests for springs and Tanks

90

               2,000

             180,000

2.3

Protection of springs

30

           60,000

         1,800,000

2.4

Construction of 60, Double door VIP latrines in Primary schools

60

           60,000

         3,600,000

2.7

Construction of hand washing facilities

60

               5,000

             300,000

2.8

Construction of demonstration latrine- Sanplats

150

              2,500

             375,000

 

Sub - total

 

 

         12,705,000

                           -  

3

Trainings

                           -  

3.1

PRA exercise - 10 Trainings @ 20 People

10

           26,000

             260,000

3.2

Water & Sanitation management Committees

60

           10,000

             600,000

3.3

Community Health workers training

30

           10,000

             300,000

3.4

Establishment of CTC Clubs

30

           10,000

             300,000

3.4

Refresher trainings (WSMCs, CHWs and CTC clubs)

60

           10,000

             600,000

3.5

Training Materials

95

               3,000

             570,000

 

Sub - Total

 

 

           2,630,000

 

 

 

 

                           -  

 

Purchase of equipment

 

 

                           -  

3.6

Purchase of 2 Laptops

2

           50,000

             100,000

3.7

Purchase of 2 TVS motorbikes (New number plate inclusive)

2

           90,000

             180,000

3.8

Purchase of 2 riding gears

2

               4,500

                 9,000

 

Sub Total

 

 

             289,000

 

 

 

 

                           -  

4.1

Project Director - Humphrey

10

           80,000

             800,000

4.2

Program coordinator - Catherine

10

           70,000

             700,000

4.3

Project Technical Officer Component / Hardware (Joseph Koech)

10

           50,000

             500,000

4.4

Project accountant

10

           35,000

             350,000

4.5

Project M&E and Training support staff 1, 2 and 3

30

           50,000

         1,500,000

4.6

Field and IT Technical officer - Photographer (David Muthama)

10

           30,000

             300,000

4.7

Training officer 1, 2 and 3 - In charge of trainings

30

            30,000

             900,000

 

Sub - Total

 

 

           5,050,000

                           -  

5

Monitoring and Evaluation

                           -  

5.1

Project stakeholders monitoring visits & follow up

10

           30,000

             300,000

 

Sub total

 

 

             300,000

Total

       21,166,000

6

Add 10% Administrative costs, Materials transport, Motorbikes running

         2,116,600

 

Grand Total

 

 

         23,282,600

Follow up
WEWASAFO has online monitoring and evaluation software (Mwater surveyor) that is used for making follow up actions on all projects that have been undertaken. It also has 11 trained personnel who do follow up on actions.

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